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Orthodontic Treatments in Children

children's orthodontics

Children's teeth and jaw structures go through an important developmental period during their childhood. In this process, the correct development and alignment of the teeth and jaw is of great importance for the healthy growth of the child. However, some children may find that their teeth and jaws do not develop properly. In this case, orthodontic treatments in children can be an effective method for correcting the teeth and jaw.

Purpose of Orthodontic Treatment in Children

The main goal of orthodontic treatment in children is to ensure the correct alignment of the teeth and jaw. In addition, orthodontic treatments improve the child's chewing, speaking and breathing functions. It is also important for dental and gingival health. Correctly aligned teeth and jaw structure make teeth easy to clean and prevent tooth decay, gum disease and other oral health problems.

Types of Orthodontic Treatment in Children

The types of orthodontic treatments in children may vary according to the condition of the child's teeth and jaw structure. The most commonly used pediatric orthodontic treatments include fixed braces, clear aligners and functional appliances.

  1. Fixed Braces: In this treatment, metal wires and brackets attached to the teeth are used. The duration of the treatment may vary depending on the alignment of the teeth and the necessity of the treatment.
  2. Transparent Plates: In this treatment, clear plastic plates are used. The plates are placed on the teeth and replaced regularly. This treatment method is a more comfortable and aesthetic option than fixed braces.
  3. Functional Devices: This treatment method is used to correct the child's jaw structure. It can be named as palate, apparatus or appliance treatment.

Child Braces

Child braces treatment is a treatment method to correct orthodontic problems in children's teeth. Among these problems, there are crooked teeth, disorders in the jaw structures, excessively forward or backward teeth.

Child braces treatment aims to protect oral and dental health by ensuring that children's teeth are aligned in the correct position. At the same time, it helps children to have an aesthetic appearance by helping their teeth to line up in the correct position.

Child braces treatment is usually done before puberty. However, in some cases it can be done at an early age. This treatment method can be applied in different ways depending on the position of the erupting teeth, the age of the child, the jaw structure and other factors.

Child braces treatment can be done using different types of braces and appliances. Usually, brackets, tapes and wires are used. The type of these materials may vary depending on the child's dental structure, age and need for braces treatment.

The duration of child braces treatment may vary depending on the child's dental structure, the severity of the problem and the treatment method. The duration of treatment usually ranges from 1 to 3 years.

Children's braces treatment prices may also vary depending on the method and duration of the treatment and the child's dental structure.

Clear Plaque Treatment in Children

Transparent plaque treatment in children is an orthodontic treatment method used both to align the teeth and to eliminate the mismatch between the jaws. At the same time, it corrects the crowding by controlling the teeth like braces, in addition, it can provide enlargement or growth in the jaws such as palate or appliances. It saves time and is faster as it can perform two treatments at the same time.

Transparent plaque treatment in children is a more comfortable and aesthetic treatment method than fixed braces. The plaques are placed on the teeth and can be removed. This way, children can remove and reinsert their plaque in daily activities such as brushing, flossing, and eating.

Transparent plaque treatment in children does not cause compliance problems like fixed braces. The plates are designed in accordance with the teeth and are adjusted according to the tooth structure of the children. 

Palate Treatment in Children

Dental palate treatment in children is an orthodontic treatment method used to correct the teeth, jaw and facial structure of children. This treatment method is especially used to correct the jaw development of children. In children, palate treatment is usually applied between the ages of 7-8. Treatment is more effective since the jaw development of children is not completed during this period. Palate treatment creates a jaw area where children's teeth can fit comfortably, improves the child's chewing, speaking and breathing functions, and is important for dental and gum health. It only gets support from the teeth, it cannot align the teeth like braces or clear aligners. It can only provide enough jaw width and size for teeth to come out easily.

Apparatus Treatment

Apparatus treatment is a type of orthodontic treatment and is used to correct the jaw structure. Appliance or apparatus treatment may not be sufficient to align and position the teeth. 

Apparatus treatment usually lasts from a few months to several years, and the duration of treatment may vary according to the jaw structure and the severity of the problem. The success of the treatment is ensured by the correct use of the appliances and regular check-ups throughout the treatment.

Chin Treatment in Children

Jaw treatment in children is a part of orthodontic treatment and aims to ensure proper placement of the lower jaw and upper jaw relative to each other. Jaw treatment is usually applied to correct problems in jaw development. This treatment may be required for the upper jaw, lower jaw, or both jaws.

Jaw treatment can be applied in several ways. These include devices such as chin expansion appliances, face masks, and headgears. Jaw surgery is also an option that can be used in jaw treatment.

Jaw treatment in children can be applied together with other orthodontic treatments. Usually, chin treatment is done in conjunction with other treatments, such as teeth straightening or jaw alignment treatment. These treatments are usually administered during the teenage years of children and usually take several years to complete.

Jaw Enlargement in Children

Jaw expansion in children is an orthodontic treatment method used to correct narrowness and crowding in the jaw structure. It is generally applied if the teeth in the lower jaw are in front of the upper teeth due to narrowness in the upper jaw, or if the teeth appear cramped and crooked in the child's mouth.

Jaw enlargement treatment gives more effective results when the bone structure of children is still developing. Depending on the child's age and bone structure, jaw expansion treatment can be applied between the ages of 7-15. The duration of treatment can vary from 6 months to 1 year, depending on the complexity of the treatment and the bone structure of the child.

During the treatment process, chin expander appliances are attached to the child's mouth and adjusted at regular intervals. In this way, the jaw bones are slowly expanded and the teeth are aligned correctly.

Face mask

Face mask treatment is an orthodontic treatment method used in children with jaw development disorders. In this treatment, a face mask, a special device, is attached to the child's head and applies a force that pulls the lower teeth forward. In this way, it is aimed to obtain a suitable position in the development of the upper jaw bones and teeth.

Face mask treatment is usually applied to children between the ages of 7-10. This age range is the period when the maxillary bones are still in a suitable position in their development and the teeth are not yet fully developed. The duration of treatment can vary depending on the individual situation and needs of the child, it usually lasts between 6-12 months.

Advantages of Early Age Orthodontic Treatment

  1. Aesthetic appearance: Orthodontic treatment ensures that the teeth are aligned regularly, resulting in a more beautiful smile.
  2. Functional improvement: Correctly aligned teeth and jaw structure make it easier to perform functions such as chewing and speaking properly.
  3. Reducing the risk of caries and gum disease: Regular alignment of the teeth reduces the risk of caries and gum disease by making oral hygiene and care easier.
  4. Treating respiratory problems: Orthodontic treatment can help treat respiratory problems. For example, breathing difficulty due to a defect in the jaw structure can be corrected with orthodontic treatment.
  5. Reducing the risk of trauma: Correct alignment of the teeth prevents trauma that may occur due to protruding anterior teeth.
  6. Increasing self-confidence: Aesthetic and functional improvement helps children increase their self-confidence.
  7. Less tooth loss: Correct alignment of teeth reduces the risk of tooth loss.
  8. A short and effective treatment process: Orthodontic treatments in childhood give effective results in a shorter time and require less expense.
  9. Treatment of sleep disorders such as sleep apnea: Some sleep disorders may occur due to disorders in the jaw structure. Orthodontic treatment can help treat these disorders.

Conditions Requiring Early Orthodontic Treatment

  1. Negative oral habits (finger or lip sucking, mouth breathing, or wrong tongue position)
  2. Problems with early or late loosening and falling baby teeth or permanent teeth coming into the mouth (some of which can only be seen on x-rays)
  3. Protruding upper front teeth (easily damaged by impact or fall)
  4. Crowding in the anterior or posterior region
  5. Difficulty biting or chewing
  6. Cross-bite relationship in anterior teeth (may cause abrasions in anterior teeth, in severe cases may cause undesirable growth of the jaw)
  7. Incorrect closing relationship in posterior teeth (may cause the lower jaw to slide during closing or grow towards one side)
  8. Undesirable, bad exterior

Frequently Asked Questions About Orthodontic Treatment in Children

Dental problems can be genetic in children, but often lifestyle factors and environmental factors can also contribute to the formation of dental problems. Some dental problems may also occur as a congenital problem in childhood.

Jaw stenosis can usually be noticed at an early age and can also be detected by parents. Symptoms include mouth breathing, snoring, waking up frequently, dry mouth, and fatigue.

Inability to breathe easily can cause serious problems such as sleep apnea in children. Therefore, as a precaution to be taken for correct breathing, it may be recommended to eliminate the factors that cause nasal congestion or to use drugs that will open the respiratory tract.

Nutrition plays an important role in dental development in children. A regular diet can support the development of healthy teeth and jaws. In addition, regular tooth brushing and dental check-ups are also important for dental health.

Jaw stenosis can cause feeding problems and affect children's development. Jaw stenosis can lead to malnutrition and irregular tooth rows. Besides, it can cause serious health problems such as sleep apnea. Therefore, stenosis of the jaw should be treated at an early age.

Wires and clear aligners are different treatments, but both may be suitable for children. Wires are used with small brackets made of metal or ceramic materials and placed over the teeth. When the wire is attached, the tightness of the wire is adjusted accordingly so that the teeth can move and straighten. The advantage of the wires is that the treatment process can be directed by adjusting them at regular intervals and controlling their tightness. However, braces may require children to put more effort into brushing and cleaning between teeth and can sometimes cause pain.

Transparent plaques are made of a special plastic layer placed on the teeth. Each plate is specially designed to keep the teeth moving. Since the plaques are removable, they are more comfortable for brushing and cleaning. Treatment with plaques often progresses faster

It is not necessary to have all the teeth in the mouth to attach the braces or to start the treatment. In some cases, only a certain stage of the child's dental development is needed to begin treatment. However, having all the teeth in place can help make treatment faster and more effective.

Re-disruption of teeth corrected at an early age is possible in some cases. This is because the teeth may move again or the permanent teeth may begin to erupt. However, the probability of this happening can be reduced depending on factors such as the duration of the treatment, the way the teeth are corrected, and the success of the treatment. In addition, by regularly checking orthodontics, problems that are noticed early can be corrected quickly and the probability of recurrence can be reduced.

The arrival of wisdom teeth can cause the teeth to deteriorate. Because wisdom teeth can often come in front of other teeth, causing the teeth to be compressed and crowding.

There may be some dietary restrictions in children after braces are placed. They may need to avoid especially hard, sticky, and sugary foods. In addition, it should be remembered that sharp and hard foods can also damage the braces.

Headgear and Face Mask are appliances that control the lower and upper jaw back and forth. When used at an early age, it can positively affect the jaw development of children.

Invisalign treatment is a treatment method applied to straighten teeth using transparent, removable plaques. Pricing may vary depending on the duration of the treatment and the complexity of the tooth structure. Therefore, it would be better to consult an orthodontist about pricing.

Conditions that require orthodontic treatment at an early age include early loss of milk teeth, excessive crowding of teeth, jaw disorders and respiratory problems. Identifying and treating these conditions at an early age can prevent more serious problems from occurring. In addition, if treatment is not started at an early age, the duration, difficulty and cost of treatment may increase in later ages. However, every child's situation is different and the treatment plan is determined by the individual needs of the child.

Tooth crookedness can have many causes. However, stenosis of the jaw is one of the most common causes of crooked teeth. Jaw stenosis can occur when the lower or upper jaw is underdeveloped or narrow. This can cause the teeth to clenched and crooked. When the jaws are enlarged, the placement of the teeth can become smoother and help to eliminate the crookedness. However, for ideal treatment, teeth should be corrected with braces or non-wire orthodontics after jaw expansion.

Braces are one of the most common methods of orthodontic treatment, but there are other treatment options for children. For example, clear aligners or colored plaques attached to the teeth can also be used. The use of these options may vary according to the child's dental structure, orthodontic problems and treatment time.

Children may have skeletal, i.e. insufficient growth or overgrowth of the lower or upper jaw, as well as dental, i.e., perplexities and problems caused by non-replaceable teeth at an early age. These can begin to become evident from the age of 6 years. In addition, other dental disorders such as crooked teeth, disorders in the jaw joint, and different sizes and shapes of teeth can also be seen in children.

Orthodontic treatment can be applied at any age, but because children's teeth are not yet fully developed, treatments started at an early age can give more effective results. Since the development of teeth and jaw structure is completed in children aged 7-8, it is recommended to perform the first orthodontic examination at these ages. Interventions at an early age can prevent longer-term treatments by making it easier to correct the crowding in children's teeth.

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recommends that children go for their first dental check-up after 6 months, or at the latest at 1 year of age. In this way, the problems of the child's teeth and oral health in the early stages can be detected and necessary measures can be taken.

The duration of orthodontic treatment in children may vary depending on the condition of the teeth and jaw structure, the type of treatment and how early the treatment is started. It usually takes between 1-3 years.

Yes, it is important to have children's teeth checked regularly. Because some dental disorders can only be detected by a specialist orthodontist. Also, detecting dental problems at an early stage can make treatment shorter and less complex.

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