Akademya Nevsehir Dental Clinic

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Oral Diseases and Treatments

oral diseases

Oral Candidiasis

Mouth fungus is one of the most common oral diseases in infants and children. Although there is a low probability, there is a possibility of oral fungus in adults. It is usually characterized by white-looking areas located on the inside of the lips, inside the cheeks, gums and tongue. Mouth fungus can show serious symptoms in people with immune deficiency, but its clinical course is generally mild. Drugs that affect the immune system, dry mouth, vitamin deficiencies, malnutrition and incompatible dental prostheses predispose to oral yeast infection. Oral diseases related to the use of dental prosthesis and palate are very common, especially in elderly individuals. Oral yeast infection is treated with medication. Early diagnosis is important for rapid recovery. In addition to drug therapy, nutrition regulation and regeneration of incompatible dentures are often recommended in the fight against oral diseases.

oral cancer

Oral Cancers

Oral cancer is a type of oral disease that can be seen in different ways in all tissues that make up the oral cavity, such as cheeks, lips, teeth, tongue and bones. 

Who is most likely to encounter oral cancer?

The incidence of oral cancer in men over the age of 45 is twice as high as in women. Sometimes it progresses without symptoms, sometimes it shows symptoms that can negatively affect the quality of life.

What are the Symptoms of Oral Cancer?

  • Strong in grinding food and swallowing
  • Widespread aches and pains in the mouth
  • Red (erythroplakia) or white (leukoplakia) colored lesions in the oral tissues
  • Painful, raised or lumpy areas of irritation that can be felt with the tip of the tongue
  • Non-healing lesions and persistent bleeding in the mouth or throat area
  • Feeling of an object stuck in the throat, hoarseness
  • Difficulty with jaw movements such as mouth opening and speaking
  • Numbness on mouth tissues or tongue
  • Anormal growth areas in the jaw bones and, as a result, deterioration of the harmony of the dental prosthesis

If one or more of these symptoms are seen, a doctor / dentist examination is required. Early diagnosis is critical in the treatment of oral diseases and especially oral cancers.

hemangioma birthmark

Hemangioma | Birthmark

It is an oral disease in the form of vascular condensation that can be found all over the body. Hemangioma can be seen in red-blue-purple color mixtures. They are usually benign lesions. In the case of hemangioma, people usually apply to the doctor on the grounds of aesthetic defect. Sometimes, it is possible to treat spontaneously healed hemangiomas with laser in dentistry.

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is a chronic skin and mouth disease that can be seen in the skin and soft tissues. Lichen planus is encountered in the mouth, usually bilaterally, in the cheeks. Visible are the white patches of fish scale tissue. Although it does not cause clinical symptoms in the initial stage, it can turn into malignant lesions in later stages. Therefore, it should be evaluated by a dermatologist and a dentist. Early diagnosis is important in lichen planus lesions, so it should not be neglected as it does not cause discomfort. Various steroid-derived drugs are used for its treatment.

mouth sore aphthous

Aft | Mouth Sore

Aphtha is a kind of ulcer and is colloquially described as a mouth sore. It shows symptoms such as pain, itching, and burning that bother the person. It is an oral disease that is usually seen as small dots and white craters inside. Aphthae are lesions that heal spontaneously within 7-10 days. A biopsy should be taken from aphthous lesions that do not heal for more than 4 weeks. Various medications and pomades can be used to eliminate the bothersome symptoms during the healing process.

Herpes Lesions | Pale

Herpes is an oral disease caused by the Simplex Type-1 virus. Taking advantage of the moment when the immune system is weakened, viruses multiply and form herpes lesions. It is usually seen around the lips and face area. Herpes lesions, which create aesthetically disturbing images, also cause adverse conditions such as pain and sensitivity. It heals spontaneously within 7-10 days, but it can recur when the body immunity is weak. Herpes Simplex viruses can settle on nerve endings in any part of the body in advancing ages and cause painful oral diseases called shingles. Creams containing acyclovir have been found to be beneficial in the treatment of herpes lesions. However, over time, immunity to this active substance may occur.

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